We install fiber, any other underground telecommunications, power, water lines, and empty duct for future use. We do this by using a horizontal directional drill which does very little damage to the landscape.
GB Directional Services, Inc., was started by Jeremiah Dwire in 2011. Since then we have done installation drilling for utilities in both small and large communities in several states.
Horizontal directional drilling, otherwise known as directional boring or installation drilling for utilities, is a method of installing pipe, conduit, or cable underground along a prescribed path by using a drilling rig sitting above ground. This technique causes minimal impact on the surrounding area and is preferred when trenching or excavating is not practical. It is suitable for a variety of soil conditions and jobs including road, landscape and river crossings.
The pipe used in utility drilling can be made of materials such as PVC, polyethylene, polypropylene, ductile iron, and steel — as long as it can be pulled back through the drilled hole.
Horizontal installation drilling for utilities is done with the help of a viscous fluid known as drilling fluid. It is a mixture of water and, usually, bentonite or polymer continuously pumped to the cutting head or drill bit to help with the removal of cuttings, stabilize the bore hole, cool the cutting head, and lubricate the passage of the product pipe. The drilling fluid is sent into a machine which removes the drill cuttings and maintains the proper viscosity of the fluid. Drilling fluids hold the cuttings in suspension to prevent them from clogging the bore. A clogged bore creates back pressure on the cutting head, slowing production.
Location and guidance of the drilling is an important part of the utility drilling operation, as the drilling head is under the ground while drilling and, in most cases, not visible from the ground surface. Uncontrolled or unguided drilling can lead to substantial destruction, which can be eliminated by properly locating and guiding the drill head.
The locating system used by GB Directional Services, Inc., is called the walk-over locating system — a sonde, or transmitter, located behind the bore head registers angle, rotation, direction, and temperature data. This information is encoded into an electro-magnetic signal and transmitted through the ground to the surface in a walk-over system. At the surface a receiver (usually a hand-held locator) is manually positioned over the sonde, the signal is decoded and steering directions are relayed to the bore machine operator.